- Published on 27 August 2011
PREVENTION OF MALNUTRITION AND MALNUTRITION CHILDREN THROUGH COMMUNITY CROP IMPROVEMENT AND DISEASE ENDEMIC (malaria, diarrhea and TB)
REGION: Nhamatsane, Chimoio, Mozambique
LOCAL PARTNER: Associacao Matsatse Community
During our first years of joint work and Associaçao Fundazioa Haurralde Matsatse Community has undertaken the construction of a host and providing education to more than 150 children / as Nhamatsane community. Along with this entity also carry out a sponsorship program that meets the needs of more than 100 children / as, however still very scarce resources in order to cover all deficiencies found in the community and as a result of this, only in 2010 one of our techniques and the students were conducting their practices witnessed the deaths of 2 girls from the program.
500,000 million people suffer from malaria and nearly 3,000 million, according to Doctors Without Borders, die because of it. From these figures, 90% occur in sub-Saharan Africa and 82% in boys / girls under 5 years. Diarrhea is another major cause of death in children under 5 years to claim the lives of 2 million people annually. Finally TB is another disease endemic converted into sub-Saharan Africa that infects 400 people per 100,000 population on this continent. In addition to malnutrition rates of up to 47% of the / as under 5 years in Mozambique, which makes the country one of the highest rates of malnutrition has Saharan Africa. Within the central region of the country, which boasts Nhamatsane community, is above the national average.
So these are the 2 main problems of infant mortality (malnutrition / malnutrition and endemic diseases) in which it seeks to influence with this project.
Specifically Nhamatsane the problems we encounter are:
- High rate of malaria
- High rate of children / as with acute diarrhea
- High rate of tuberculosis infection
- Lack of knowledge of the modes of transmission of malaria (mistaken beliefs)
- Lack of hygiene in the daily habits of people in the community.
- Lack of food diets that result in low birth weight and serious problems of malnutrition and malnutrition in / as children / as
- Lack of agricultural technologies resulting in low yields in the cultivation of land and low crop diversification.
- Lack of awareness of the need for medical care and overcrowded belief in the efficacy of the / as curanderos / as
- Lack of knowledge on how to cook and store food to keep its nutritional properties.
- Lack of knowledge on the Rights of Women
Based on all these problems arises detected this proposal, which is considered essential to work on improving nutrition and the prevention of endemic community Nhamatsane (Malaria, diarrhea, tuberculosis) from a comprehensive viewpoint structural. This Haurralde both primary and from Matsatse see not only the provision of community culture to supply food to the community and improve the nutrition of children / ace, but the formation of its members from different areas. Thus the specific actions that this project seeks to cover are:
1. Promote collective empowerment of the community through education, training, crops, nutritious food preparation and hygiene and provision of community cultures to 70% of women and 30% of men, and a well that will help to reduce undernutrition and malnutrition in the community and improving their rates of diarrhea and tuberculosis. And the creation of an association for them / as to help ensure their autonomy psychological, physical and economic
3. awareness and awareness of men and women aimed at reducing malaria cases and publicize the causes, consequence and ways of transmission of which together with the distribution of mosquito nets and drugs reduce malaria cases in the community.
4. work actively with / as members of the association and / Matsatse activists of training and education on issues of gender violence and sexual and reproductive health. As stated above in the item on the context of gender violence is highly prevalent and the diagnosis was made specifically in the community Nhamatsane reveals little knowledge of the Rights in Sexual and Reproductive Health by the community. The program is intended not only for personal empowerment / as attending the training, but to exercise influence and impart their knowledge to the community to improve respect for the rights of women.